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Mine Disasters in
the United States


Vesta Coal Company
Clyde Mine Fire

Fredericktown, Pennsylvania
Friday, October 13, 1905
No. killed - 6
* This was 1 of 4 disasters which occurred on Friday the 13th.



(From a State Mine Inspector's Report)

On October 13, about 1:15 p.m. a fire was discovered by an electrician, in the pump house situated in a breakthrough between No. 1 and No. 2 right main, about 1,800 feet from the entrance of the mine.  All the employees (with the exception of six men who were missing) had safely made their exit from the mine when warned of the danger.

About 4 p.m., while making an official visit in No. 5 mine of Vesta Coal Company, I received a message that the Clyde mine was on fire.  I at once proceeded to the mine, arriving there at 10:50 p.m.  The mine foreman, with a rescuing party, returned from the mine at 10:50 p.m., and reported that they had made two attempts to reach the place where the fire was first discovered and had been driven back by dense volumes of smoke.  They said it was impossible to proceed further in that direction.

I learned that since the fire had been discovered, the engineer in charge of fan, and a miner, had entered the fan house during the afternoon, to examine the fan, and that an explosion had taken place at that point, seriously burning both men.

I held a consultation with the mine official and after examining the map of the mine produced and carefully considering the pump house location, in which the fire was supposed to have originated, and the report of the mine foreman and rescuing party,

I decided to confine myself to the information received, together with report of the explosion in the fan house.  The latter impressed me with the belief that if an explosive mixture was being carried on the return to the fan house in such quantities as had been so recently demonstrated, there was a possibility, at any moment, of a repetition of the explosion by the mixture coming in contact with the fire that was raging in Nos. 1, 2, and 3 mines.

I was fully aware that wooden stoppings had been the prevailing method of conducting the air along the main entries prior to this date, and that being the case it would give the fire additional power to spread from one main to another.  With the above in view and the evidence given by the rescuing party that there was not a possibility of a living person inside of the mine, we decided to postpone another inside exploration until morning.  I gave strict orders that no open lights should be allowed at or near the fan house or main entrance to the mine, that the fan should be kept running at the same speed, and a strict watch kept over its behavior, and should any disturbance be noticed to notify me at once.

Early in the morning I found that nothing unusual had taken place, I then decided to make another examination of the mine and ascertain what course to pursue, with a view of recovering the bodies, and to prevent the fire from spreading into other parts of the mine.  With a rescuing party I proceeded to the point that had been reached by previous rescuing parties, and then decided that, owing to the dense volume of smoke at the point, it was impossible to proceed any farther in that direction of the main.

We examined the mine map, inspected the fan, air ways, and entrance and then ordered more stoppings to be built with slide door attachments.  After the stoppings had been completed we entered the mine by opening the slide door, closing it when through.  We then opened the next one on the inside, and upon examination we found large quantities of smoke and gas, sufficient, if ignited, to cause serious results.

We suggested that every precaution should be exercised and outlined a method for fighting the fire by forcing water into the mine, thus leaving it in the hands of the mine officials.  I continued to make frequent visits to the mine keeping everything under close observation.

On November 29, we again entered the mine, proceeded along the main, and upon the examination of No. 11 butt we discovered the six miners, lying side by side, apparently asleep.  I would say, that owing to the position of the bodies and the peaceful countenances of the men, they had lain down to rest, and the products of combustion had done their deadly work while the victims peacefully awaiting relief from the rescuing party that had made three attempts to reach them.

News Article:
News icon image Washington Post, Oct. 13, 1905



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